Grave concerns for women’s survival in Afghanistan

United Nations, Aug 10 (PTI):
The United Nations humanitarian chief has voiced extreme concern over the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan and called for a ceasefire, saying there are serious threats to women’s survival and basic human rights in the war-ravaged country.
Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Martin Griffiths said he is extremely concerned by the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan where more than 1,000 people have been killed or injured due to indiscriminate attacks against civilians in Helmand, Kandahar and Herat provinces in the last month alone.
Afghan children, women and men are suffering and forced to live with violence, insecurity, and fear every day. There are grave concerns for women’s survival and basic human rights, he said, adding that 40 years of war and displacement, compounded by climate shocks and COVID-19, have left almost half of Afghanistan’s population in need of emergency aid.
Griffiths said humanitarian organisations are committed to stay and deliver relief and assistance to all civilians in Afghanistan. They continue to operate in a neutral and impartial manner but need unimpeded access and assurances that aid workers and service providers can deliver aid and services without interference, he said.
Joining Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and members of the Security Council in strongly condemning attacks against civilians as the Taliban military offensive increases, Griffiths echoed the world organisation’s calls for a ceasefire.
Fighting across the country, which has claimed the lives of over 40,000 people since 2009 when UN reporting began, needs to stop. People have suffered enough, he said. Reminding all parties to the conflict of their obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law, including their responsibility to protect civilians and ensure access for humanitarian organisations to reach people in need, he said a safe, secure, and sustainable future in Afghanistan can only be achieved through successful peace negotiations.
The UN children’s agency UNICEF also expressed shock by the rapid escalation of grave violations against children in Afghanistan, noting that in the last 72 hours, 20 children have been killed and 130 children have been injured in Kandahar province; two children were killed and three were injured in Khost province and in Paktia province, five children were killed and three were injured.
“The atrocities grow higher by the day. These are not numbers. Each one of these deaths and each case of physical suffering is a personal tragedy. These children are much loved and longed-for daughters and sons, brothers and sisters, cousins and friends. All of them are children whose right to protection, under international humanitarian law, has been disregarded by warring parties, UNICEF Afghanistan Representative Herv Ludovic De Lys said.
The US has already pulled back the majority of its forces from Afghanistan and is looking to complete the drawdown by August 31, ending nearly two-decade of its military presence in the country. Afghanistan has been witnessing a series of terror attacks since the US began withdrawing its troops on May 1.
The Taliban have captured more than half of Afghanistan’s 400-odd districts. Their attacks on provincial capitals have violated the 2020 peace deal between the Taliban and the United States.
De Lys added that these atrocities are also evidence of the brutal nature and scale of violence in Afghanistan which preys on already vulnerable children.

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